When hyperlipidemia goes untreated, it leads to serious health problems like clogged arteries. Unfortunately, most people won’t have symptoms alerting them to the problem. That’s why the exceptional physicians at Cardiac Care Consultants offer preventive cardiology, routine screenings to determine your risk and detect hyperlipidemia, and advanced treatments to protect your cardiovascular health. To learn more about high cholesterol and triglycerides, call the office in Peoria, Sun City West, or Wickenburg, Arizona, or book an appointment online today.
Hyperlipidemia is often defined as having high cholesterol. But it’s also a general condition that refers to high levels of dangerous fats (lipid) in your blood, and that includes triglycerides.
Your body produces cholesterol, and you also get it through your diet. During digestion, your body wraps cholesterol in protein, turning it into one of several types of lipoproteins.
A high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is called good cholesterol because it removes extra cholesterol from your bloodstream. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are described as bad cholesterol because they stay in your bloodstream.
The longer LDLs stay in your bloodstream, the more likely they are to release cholesterol. Then the cholesterol sticks to artery walls and turns into plaque.
When you consume too many calories, your body turns them into triglycerides. Some triglycerides are shuttled into fat cells for storage; others circulate in your bloodstream because they’re a source of energy. Triglycerides also accumulate along with cholesterol in arterial plaque.
High triglycerides can cause nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and inflammation in your pancreas (pancreatitis). Fatty plaque keeps enlarging, eventually restricting blood flow. This condition, called atherosclerosis, leads to problems such as:
When atherosclerosis goes untreated, you’re at risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
After you have a physical exam and blood tests to verify your levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, Cardiac Care Consultants develops a customized treatment plan to bring your blood levels back to a normal range.
Comprehensive hyperlipidemia treatment includes:
There’s no getting around the importance of following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and stopping smoking. All these steps lower your blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
Your provider may prescribe medications to lower your blood pressure, reduce cholesterol and triglycerides, or manage your blood sugar.
When fatty plaque causes a significant blockage in the artery, your cardiologist at Cardiac Care Consultants performs a minimally invasive catheterization procedure to eliminate the blockage. You may need angioplasty and stenting or atherectomy.
Most people with hyperlipidemia don’t have symptoms until they have a heart attack or stroke. To learn if you need a risk assessment or screening for hyperlipidemia, call Cardiac Care Consultants, or book an appointment online today.